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Comments like those may seem innocuous, but according to a new report released by Ryerson University this week, they represent a major challenge to getting more women into male-dominated fields like science, technology, mathematics and engineering, known collectively by the acronym STEM.
Contributors to the report say Canada urgently has to figure out how to foster diversity — whether that’s based on gender, race or physical ability — in STEM. It warns of negative consequences for productivity, economic growth, prosperity and our ability to compete globally. In short, the reports says, increasing diversity in these fields benefits everyone.
“The risk of not getting it right is huge,” says Imogen Coe, dean of Ryerson’s faculty of science, who spearheaded the report. “We’re missing out on human capital, we’re missing out on human potential.”
“Workshops for women in STEM and science camps for girls won’t change participation rates of women unless the culture and workplace also increase accessibility by removing systemic barriers and bringing in accountability and consequences,” she says.
The statistics suggest young women aren’t flocking to STEM the way their male counterparts are. The McKinsey Institute points out that in Canada gender gaps are most significant in STEM education and jobs.
Coe says women are steered away from STEM from a young age.
“What happens very early on is gender stereotyping starts to tell girls that’s not for you, that’s not for you,” she says. “Studies show, by the age of six they’ve internalized those messages.”
“One of the things that I really appreciate from my husband is that he has acknowledged this problem,” she says.
Coe believes the challenge lies in convincing everyone that change is necessary. “There’s this sort of cognitive dissonance between realizing that it’s in your best interest and refusing to actually participate.”
She mentioned to a male friend that she was considering dropping science for another major.
“The person’s reaction was that it was OK for me to decide to drop my degree and pursue something more female-like because I didn’t have to stress as much about having to support a family like if I was making the main income in the family,” she says.
“It was not an encouraging comment,” she says. “It’s not something you should be telling someone.”