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There are over a million kilometres of road in Canada, but hardly any have gone as far as our third coast — the Arctic Ocean. In November, to coincide with Canada’s 150th birthday, it will be possible for the first time in history to drive to the top of Canada’s mainland year round.
Currently, the only way to cross the Arctic Circle by car in Canada is to head north on the Dempster Highway, which starts near Dawson City, Yukon, and ends in Inuvik, a frontier town of 3,000 people in the Mackenzie River Delta.
Now, after four years of construction in brutally harsh conditions, the last 137 kilometres connecting Inuvik to Tuktoyaktuk, on the shores of the Beaufort Sea, will finally stitch Canada’s coasts together.
There is an ice road in the winter months over the Mackenzie River and the Arctic Ocean.
Studded tires allow even motorcyclists to use the road.
“When the ice road is gone [in the summer and fall], you’re isolated, you’re stuck again,” said Merv Gruben, who was mayor when the government of Stephen Harper handed over the $ 300 million to build the highway.
“This project is built on unexplored terrain,” said Dean Ahmet, who is in charge of the construction for the NWT government.
And a nightmare to build on.
Construction crews have faced temperatures of -30 degrees and colder, high winds and in the winter months, 24-hour darkness.
“In the first three years of construction, we worked 24 hours a day, seven to seven,” said Dean Ahmet. At the peak of construction in 2015 and 2016, 430 people, mostly locals, were working on the highway.
Because it’s so time consuming and expensive to get workers here, most lived in camps not far from the road for weeks or even months at a time. For the sake of efficiency, they work in shifts around the clock.
“It’s going to be so much cheaper with the groceries,” said Merv Gruben. “As soon as the ice road is gone, you see your perishables, like your eggs and your vegetables and your fruits, just go crazy because we’ve got to fly them in. It’s a hell of a big difference.”
Right now, a bootlegged bottle of liquor can sell for hundreds of dollars in Tuk. By later this year, getting that same bottle will be as easy as driving 140 km to Inuvik and buying it in the liquor store at the regular price.
“Anyone with a vehicle can go on the all-weather road, go on a holiday, bring their family especially when school is over and bring more people into the community, people come to visit,” said Eileen Jacobson, a local fur trapper.
When the highway was approved, the Harper government saw it as a road to resources and a way to extract oil from the region. But the Trudeau government has now banned such development in the Mackenzie Delta.
“We’re a bit troubled with that,” said Tuk’s current mayor, Darrel Nasogaluak.
He said developing tourism can’t be the sole objective, given that it only accounts for three months out of the year.