CHARLOTTETOWN—The Opposition in P.E.I. is calling for an inquiry into the bizarre case of a non-verbal, autistic woman whose caregivers at a group home claimed she had accused her father of sexual assault.
The father was never charged, but the case made national headlines in March when a judge concluded the province acted in a “deplorable” manner by failing to conduct an investigation into the source of the allegations.
The Crown dropped the case — six months after the father was arrested and barred from seeing his daughter — when a psychologist assessed the woman’s ability to communicate via a widely disputed method known as facilitated communication (FC).
The P.E.I. Supreme Court, in a decision released in March, said the Health Department and the group home repeatedly ignored the parents’ attempts to have their daughter’s communication skills independently assessed.
An inquiry is needed to determine how this “deeply troubling” case was handled, and to make sure no other family endures a similar ordeal, he said.
“Let’s find out what the contributing factors were here … Let’s do research. Let’s call witnesses in, interview these people and find out … why these accusations came forward. I find this deplorable that this happened in this day and age.”
First introduced to North America in the early 1990s, FC was initially hailed as a breakthrough. The technique involves an aide holding the user’s wrist, finger or arm as they point to letters or type on a keyboard.
“I do not point to the letters or symbols myself, rather (the woman) holds my hand and then she points herself to the letter or symbol with her index finger,” says an affidavit from staff member Jennifer Hendricken.
“I believe that (the woman) has the ability to facilitate on her own; however, she has not done so and I believe has grown accustomed to holding someone’s hand. I believe that people with autism generally . . . find the sensation of pressure to provide a level of control or stabilizes her hand.”
“When we’re talking about something as serious as this — potential communication with a non-verbal individual — we need to make sure that there is science (behind it) as a proven, peer-reviewed tool,” he said.
A spokeswoman for the Autism Society of P.E.I. said the group has not taken a position on FC.
She said the group would prefer not to comment on the case, saying FC is used mainly by adults, and the society deals mostly with children. The spokeswoman said she had no clear indication how many people were using FC on the Island.
Eastern Michigan University Prof. James Todd, a longtime critic of FC, has said there are no studies using proper scientific standards that show the procedure works.
Still, supporters of FC say the method works.