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Canadians who fear that scrapping the first-past-the-post electoral system would lead to instability and extremism should look for comfort on the other side of the world, argued James Shaw, the co-leader of New Zealand’s Green party.
New Zealand adopted a form of proportional representation 20 years ago.
“Some of the fears that people had were that it would lead to unstable government, that it would lead to having extremists in Parliament and that they would get a foot in, that it would make for the death of large parties, and so on,” Shaw said.
“And in fact, none of those things have happened.”
Shaw pointed out that the two main parties — the centre-right National Party and the centre-left Labour Party — together still hold a significant majority of seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives, even if proportional representation has allowed other parties, including the Greens, to have a strong presence too.
He said the system also often leads to centrism.
“Because every single vote counts, you have to fight for every vote in every seat, right across the country,” said Shaw, who was in Ottawa for the Green party’s convention, which kicked off Friday and continues through Sunday.
It has also boosted diversity, with the percentage of indigenous MPs matching their proportion of the population, Shaw added. “The House of Representatives is now more representative than it has ever been before.”
One big difference in New Zealand’s case, however: it introduced electoral reform after two separate referendums. In Canada, the Opposition Conservatives have been pushing for one, but the Liberals have resisted, without officially closing the door.
The Greens, the Liberals and the New Democrats each promised electoral reform in their platforms and since together they won both a majority of seats and votes, they argue there is a mandate in place to go ahead with it.
“People knew when they were casting their vote at the election that this was going to be part of it,” Shaw said of Canada.